Not to mention Hezbollah`s tangible support for a parallel society in the areas it controls. Nevertheless, Mazen is not alone in hoping that the continuation of the talks, contrary to official denials, could be the prelude to a new agreement. He and other DW languages asked not to be quoted, as those who are considered sympathizers of Israel can still count on hostility in some circles. Nabih Berri, the spokesman for Lebanon`s parliament and the country`s top Shiite official, announced the deal in Beirut, suggesting that gas from the disputed area “could help us pay our debts.” Political sectarianism in Lebanon was refined and adopted by the independence movement in November 1943 by the “National Pact”, an un written agreement that laid the foundations for a sectarian system in the Republic after independence. Surprisingly, the pact survived the civil war from 1975 to 1990. The conflict began in part as a result of calls for the abolition of political sectarianism. Nevertheless, political sectarianism was reaffirmed and even consolidated in the 1989 Taif Agreement, also known as the Document of National Unity. In that regard, Lebanon has the illustrious privilege of having been a pioneer in the establishment of a system based on sectarianism, as well as a laboratory that highlights its dysfunctions and limitations. “Did you hear that!” a café owner told customers about the noise of his coffee machine in the gemmayze district of Beyrouce.
“Our government is now talking to Israel,” Mazen says, not his real name. “Who knows, this may be the beginning of peace with our neighbors.” The agreement invited the Lebanese army to take Israeli positions. Lebanon`s sectarian government collapsed on February 6, 1984 under the weight of a growing civil war in Beirut by rival sectarian factions, and Lebanon could not hold its side of the deal. The agreement was revoked by the Lebanese parliament, under the leadership of newly elected spokesman Hussein el-Husseini, who replaced spokesman Kamel Asaad, who had supported the agreement. . . .