“Banks can normally access these “constructive” assets if they have a collateral manager who is essentially in control of these stored assets, and that manager only responds to the financial bank,” he says. Collateral management has several parts: There are also other benefits that a CMA brings. CrR requires the bank to physically review collateral, which can be obtained by the agreement. Institutions must also be able to “realize the value of the security within a reasonable time” in the event of a default. Collateral management is the method of granting, auditing and advising collateral transactions to reduce credit risk for unsecured financial transactions. The basic idea of collateral management is very simple, that cash or securities are transferred from one counterparty to another as credit risk security.  In the case of a swap transaction between Parties A and B, Part A gains market gain (MtM), while Part B makes a corresponding MtM loss. Part B then presents a form of guarantee for Part A to reduce the credit risk resulting from a positive mtM. The form of security is agreed before the contract begins. Collateral agreements are often bilateral. The security must be returned or counted in the opposite direction if the risk decreases. In the case of a positive MTM, an institution requires guarantees and, in the case of a negative MtM, they must reserve guarantees.
 “Technology can never replace your own compliance and due diligence procedures when it comes to knowing your customer. If a client intends to take you and not repay your investment, they find a way to do so, regardless of the caliber of the collateral management team on site,” meyer explains. While collateral management agreements bring a number of benefits to a transaction, they do not highlight the potential for misconduct: a well-developed CMA is simply not enough. Commercial funds, which have more appetite for “risky” customers than commercial banks, also stimulate demand for collateral management services because they use collateral management in the activities they offer. While structured commodity bankers operating in sub-Saharan Africa have been using collateral management agreements (CMAs) in their stores for many years, the entry into force of Basel III regulation this year increases its importance as a useful risk reduction. Drones are used by some collateral officials to monitor actions remotely and immediately report lags. These motivations are linked, but the overwhelming driver of the use of guarantees is the desire to protect against credit risks.  Many banks do not act with counterparties that do not have collateral agreements. This is usually the case for hedge funds. You are less at risk if the Collateral Manager you have appointed: Collateral management has many different functions.
One of these functions is credit enhancement, where a borrower is able to obtain more affordable credit rates. Aspects of portfolio risk, risk management, capital adequacy, compliance with legislation and operational risk and asset management are also included in many collateral management situations. A balance sheet technique is another frequently used facet of collateral management, used to maximize the bank`s resources, ensure that asset hedging rules are followed, and seek additional capital from loans on surplus assets. Several sub-categories such as collateral arbitration, collateral outsourcing, three-party buyback contracts and credit risk assessment are just some of the tasks that are dealt with in collateral management.  Stronger regulation has highlighted the benefits of using collateral management agreements to secure commodity transactions in sub-Saharan Africa. But bankers still need to provide their own bases to minimize the risk of fraud and corruption, writes Rebecca Spong. Then, l